Robotics is the science of designing,developing , and using the machines (robots) to perform tasks done traditionally by human beings.
Robotics is the intercrossing junction of science, engineering and technology that enables machines, which we called robots, that replacemet (or clone) for human actions. Pop culture has constantly been delighted with robots. R2-D2. Optimus Prime. WALL-E. These over-extravagant, humanoid concepts of robots usually seem like a parody of the real thing...or are they more forward thinking than we realize? Robots are achieving with intellectual and mechanical capabilities that don’t put the possibility of a R2-D2-like machine out of reach in the future.
Types of Robots
Articulated - This robot design has rotary joints and can range from simple two joints structure to 10 or more joints. The arm is linked to the paltry with a spiral joint. The links in the arm are united by rotary joints. Each an every joint is called an axis and arranges an additional degree of ease of motion. Generally industrial robots commonly have four or six axes.
Cartesian - These are also called rectangular or gantry robots. Cartesian robots have three linear joints that serve the Cartesian coordinate system (X, Y, and Z). They also may have an connect wrist to allow for movement related rotation. The three shimmering joints bring a linear motion along the axis.
Cylindrical - This type of robot has at least one rotary joint at the base and at least one prismatic joint to the connect links.
The rotary joint serves as a rotational motion along the joint axis, while the prismatic joint moves in a linear motion.
Polar - This type of robo is also called spherical robots, in this composition, the arm is united to the base with a spiral joint and a consolidation of two rotary joints and one linear joint. The axes produce a polar coordinate system and create a spherical-shaped work envelope.
SCARA - Generally used in assembly applications, this discriminatory compliant arm for robotic assembly is mainly cylindrical in design. It lookes like two parallel joints that provide compliance in one selected plane.
Delta - These are spider-like robots are built from connected parallelograms connected to a common base. The parallelograms move a single and specific EOAT in a arch-shaped work area. Heavily used in the food, pharmaceutical, and electronic industries, this robot configuration is capable of delicate, precise movement.
Robots in teaching: In today's world teachers have started to use robots in their classrooms. I am not saying that robot can replace teachers, robots can only help teachers. A robot named "keeko" rolled aroung amongst students as they were playing and asking them question to assisst them to achieve and discover new information.
Use of Robots for killing germs: A huge number of people are germohobes, and now a days we are facing COVID 19 which has extended the popularity and demand for alcohol based sanitizers. Even after cleaning hands, sometimes we wonder about the germs in bedsheets, clothes and linens. The CleanseBot is the new invention which is a kind of a robot that kills germs on bed sheets and linens.
Germs are very dangerous in hospitals espesially with the increasing number of atibiotioc resistant bacterias. Overserving the current situations, makes companies to manufacure Robots which serve as killing the germs and bacterias. This is good way of making ourselves safe from getting infections.
Robots in Crop harvesting: Use of robots in agricultural industry is in the experimental phase. Some skilled analysts srtongly believe that the use of robots in agriculture industry will rise in future. It will offer the constant reliability and will not require schedule breaks/shifts.
A Belgian company recentaly commercialize a strawberry picking robot. They belive that, it will help to tackle the shortage of labors in agricultre industry. Tomoto-picking robots are in development at Panasonic. They are using image recognition technology to identify the ripeness of tomato.
Robots to cure seriously ill students: There is a robot called AV1 which is using for taking the place of the school childeren who are not able to attend the classes because of severe illeness. Students can see and hear what is happening the class and raise their hands to answer questions. Surprisingly robot can change expressions to match how a student can feels.
It can be extremely traumatic for children facing with long term illness to deal with the illness itself, addintinaly the social disconnection from their peers. The telepresence robots could fill the vaccum.
Now a days Robots are in use many industries which are as follows:
Robotics have create jobs for the workers. Many of us strongly believe that robots have taken away jobs from people, but it is not necessarily true.In my point of view robots have created new jobs for those who were once on production lines with programming. They have pulled employees from repetitive, monotonous jobs and put them in better, more challenging ones. They also allow US companies to remain competitive, keeping jobs local. Robots are user-friendly, intelligent, and affordable. The benefits of robots continue to grow as more industries incorporate them.